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Group by :Switch typeMotif classProteinEnzymePathway            Group Index    Colouring Info              Filtered: ELM:LIG_PTB_Apo_2 (4 hits) x

x  Coloured by switch type.
  Domain hiding  Altered binding specificity  Motif hiding  Composite binding site formation
  Uncategorised  Rheostatic  Allostery  Avidity-sensing
  Physicochemical compatibility  Pre-translational  Competition

x  Index
Type: Binary Subtype: Physicochemical compatibilityType: Specificity Subtype: Altered binding specificity

ProteinMotifStartEndSwitch descriptionInformation

Type: Binary Subtype: Physicochemical compatibility
PTM of a residue in a motif or in its flanking regions alters the physicochemical and/or structural compatibility of the motif with its binding partner. This can either induce or enhance an interaction, or result in inhibition or even abrogation of an interaction.
A4_HUMANLIG_PTB_Apo_2756763Phosphorylation of T743 adjacent to the PTB-binding motif of Amyloid beta A4 protein (APP) reduces the affinity for Amyloid beta A4 precursor protein-binding family B member 1 (APBB1).

Type: Specificity Subtype: Altered binding specificity
The balance of the competition for overlapping or adjacent, mutually exclusive interaction interfaces is tipped in favor of one of the interactors by PTM-dependent modulation of the intrinsic affinity of a binding region. Multiple, successive PTMs allow sequential switching of different binding partners in an ordered manner by step-wise alteration of binding specificity.
ITB3_HUMANLIG_PTB_Apo_2767774Phosphorylation of Y773 in Integrin beta-3 (ITGB3) switches the specificity of ITGB3 from Talin-1 (TLN1) to Docking protein 1 (DOK1), with a 2-fold decrease of the affinity for TLN1 and close to a 400-fold increase of the affinity for DOK1. This switch results in negative regulation of integrin activation.
A4_HUMANLIG_PTB_Apo_2756763Phosphorylation of Y757 in APP (Amyloid beta A4 protein (APP)) switches its specificity from PTB domain containing proteins, like Amyloid beta A4 precursor protein-binding family B member 1 (APBB1), which is involved in trafficking and processing of APP, to SH2 domain containing proteins, such as Growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2).
ITB3_HUMANLIG_PTB_Apo_2779786Phosphorylation of Integrin beta-3 (ITGB3) at Y785 switches the specificity of integrin from Kindlin-2 (Fermitin family homolog 2 (FERMT2)) to the adaptor protein SHC-transforming protein 1 (SHC1).
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